NIOS Free Solved Assignments Social science(213) Solve Assignments Tma/2019-2020

Subject Name:Social Science
Subject CODE:213
Max. Marks: 20 

(1)All questions are compulsory. The marks allotted for each questions are given at same place.
(2)Write your name enrollment numbers, AI name subject on the top of the first page of the answer sheet.
Q. 1. Answer any one out of the following questions in about 40-60 words:       
(a) Analyse the purpose of Bhimbetka cave paintings.
Ans. The Bhimbetka rock shelters are an archaeological world heritage site located in Raisen District in the Indian State of Madhya Pradesh. The Bhimbetka shelters exhibit the earliest traces of human life in India a number of analyses suggest that at least some of these shelters were inhabited by man for in excess of 1,00,000 years. Some of the Stone Age rock paintings found among the Bhimbetka rock shelters is approximately 30,000 years old. He visited the area along with a team of archaeologists and discovered several prehistoric rock shelters in 1957. There have been found also the oldest known petrogly phs of the world in 1990 – 1991 – 10 cupules and meandering line which could be up to 1,50,000 years old.
Q. 2. Answer any one out of the following questions in about 40-60 words:                       
(a) Differentiate between Himalayan and Peninsular drainage system.
Himalayan Drainage
Peninsular Drainage
(1) The rivers are perennial as they get water from melting of snow.
These rivers are non-perennial which have seasonal flow.
(2) These river made the Northern plains very fertile.
As these rivers carrying less quantity of water the amount of sediments carried by them is also less.  
(3) They supply ample water for irrigation or canal irrigation and navigation.
They are not suitable for canal irrigation and navigation.
(3) They make natural feature like gorges waterfalls and v-shaped valleys.
They also lack the feature like valley – I shaped Valley etc.

Q. 3. Answer any one out of the following question in about 40-60 words.
(a) Suggest any two measures to reform the electoral process in India.
Ans. The two major reforms that should be implemented in the electoral system of India to improve its condition are as follows :-
1)         One a candidate has been elected a training period to teach the candidate about the working of the parliament should be kept.
2)         The criteria for people to be able to participate in the election should be made stricter. This should include a certain level of education.
Q. 4. Answer any one of the following question in about 100-150 words.
(a) Examine religion and culture of Harappa’s?
Ans. The culture of mother Goddess seems to have been very popular among them. One male diet has also been found at Mohenjo-Daro which has been called the prototype of Lord Shiva Lingam worship and nature of worship of trees were prevalent.
A part from this Harappa’s peoples had acquired high level of technical skills. They had knowledge of urban engineering weights and measures health and hygiene’s. They also knew how to write. Harappa’s participated in a vast maritime trade network extending from Central Asia to modern-day Iraq, Iran, Kuwait and Syria. The archaeological finds from Alamgirpur in Meerut District reflected the Harappa culture. Alamgirpur was discovered in 1959. The occupations like fishing, farming, jewelling, trading and pottery were some of the Harappa’s people occupation. The civilization was on the advanced civilization of that time. Wheels were invented during this period and hence pottery was established as the main occupation of Harappa’s people. The site shows the presence of Harappa’s civilization to the east of Yamuna River. It was the eastern most territory of the Indus valley civilization Vedic culture started in India sub-continent from 1500 BC onwards.   
Q. 5. Answer any one of the following question in about 100-150 words.             
(a) Highlight any four directive principles of state policy that intend to promote the social and economic equally.
Ans. The directive principles of state policy are stated in part IV of our constitution. They are the objectives and ideals which every government must keep in mind while formulating policy or enacting laws. They are in the nature of general directions or instruction to the state to achieve the following objectives of the welfare and betterments of the people.
Importance of the directive principle :-
1)         The aim at securing economic and social justice to the citizens.
2)         The Endeavour to secure economic as well as social equality for all the citizens.
3)         The aim at establishing a welfare state in the country.
4)         They aim at promoting international peace and security.
The directive principles of state policy are guidelines to the central and state governments of India. The government must keep these principles in mind while framing laws and policies. These provisions of the constitution of India are non-justifiable, which means that these are not enforceable by any court of law. But the principles are considered fundamental in the governance of the country.
It is the duty of the central and state government to apply these principles in making laws to establish a just society in the country. The principles have been inspired by the directive principles stated in the constitution of Ireland and also by the principles of Gandhian philosophy.
Q. 6. Make any one project out of the given below.
(b) Prepare a list of 5 species of vegetartion, animals and birds in your neighbourhood. Collect information if any species found in your neighbourhood is at brinks of extinction. Prepare a brief report for being at brinks of extinction and the solution to conserve them.
Ans. 5 Species of Vegetartion :-
Ø  Neem or Margo’s.
Ø  Banana.
Ø  Banyan.
Ø  Tulsi or Basli.
Ø  Mango.
5 Species of animals :-
Ø  Cows.
Ø  Buffaloes.
Ø  Deer.
Ø  Horse.
Ø  Elephant.
5 Species of birds :-
Ø  Pigeon.
Ø  Crow.
Ø  House-Sparrow.
Ø  Bulbul.
Ø  Peacock.
Since neither of them is at brink of extinction but they will have to be saved as they are very few in numbers plus the need of them increasing with the increasing population. One of our utmost importance is milk, and other dairy products, which is given to us by cows and buffaloes.
And that of trees like neem and mango which are one of oxygen supporting trees in the environment. Also we know that our national bird, peacock is endangered due to the use of their nails and feathers.
Although, we cannot go against the rule of the nature but we can control ourselves and contribute in the conservation and protection of the vegetartion, birds and animals in the environment.

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