NIOS SYLLABUS Subject Name:Sociology

Subject Name:Sociology
Subject Code No. 331
The world we live in today, is simultaneously shrinking and expanding, growing and under constant
pressure for change. The large-scale changes in use of technology, the great increase in the traffic in
culture and political and economic changes are the cause of the changes around the world.
Understanding these socio-cultural changes requires studying the social world scientifically and
developing some understanding of the character of society.
Sociology is the scientific study of society and its institutions, social interactions, organizations, and
groups. It investigates the practices and processes operating in the society. By observing the broad
range of activities in society, and getting a space for exploring topics such as family, caste, class,
gender, religion, socialization and population dynamics, Sociologists provide a base for in-depth
understanding and perspectives on our social order and processes of social change. Sociology
provides an important platform which is useful both to personal wellbeing and social development as
well. Sociology is among the broadest of the social sciences and thus provides the opportunity for
the learners to understand the broad range of social issues operating in the space between individual,
community and society.
After the Secondary level, a student starts developing some understanding of the nature and character
of the society he lives in. Sociology explores all aspects of the social relationship, and it helps to
understand why human beings create the societies they inhabit and how they behave with other
individuals and groups in which they live. Sociology is considered as another branch of all Social
Sciences because it studies the economic, political, anthropological, historical geographical and
psychological dimensions of society. Sociology, however, is primarily concerned with the diversity of
human relation particularly along the lines of social class, race, ethnicity, gender and age etc.
Ignorance about society is the cause of all social evils. The knowledge, obtained by scientific methods,about society, can contribute to the development of a good society. August Comte, father of Sociology, has said the man would become the master of this social destiny as soon as he develops a science of society.
Change is continuous and permanent. The changes occurring today in the world make Sociology an
extremely important subject to study. This course on Sociology will make students familiar with
processes of change and development in general and with reference to Indian Society in particular.

After completing this course, the learner will be able to:
 define basic concepts in Sociology;
 draw generalizations about various social institutions and social divisions in society;
 explain the process of change and development in society in general and with reference to
Indian society in particular;
 extrapolate the different dimensions of Indian society;
 evaluate social realities objectively; and
 develop the ability to perceive social realities scientifically.

Scope and job opportunity
The career potential in the subject of sociology majors is almost limitless. The experts in Sociology
are employed by research institutes, public health and various welfare organizations at both national
and international level. Students with degree in sociology have the potential of getting secure
employment as social researchers, case workers, community organizers, public policy researchers,
and data analysts. Sociology also provides scope for going on to law school, social work programme,
criminology and public policy etc.

Eligibility conditions
Age: 15 Years
Qualification: 10th pass

Medium of instruction: Hindi, English, Urdu, Gujarati, Bengali, Odia

Duration of the course: 1 Year

Theory: 100 Marks
Tutor Marked Assignments (TMA): 20% Marks of theory
Scheme of studies: Theory (240 hours), TMA (self paced)
Scheme of evaluation: Theory paper 100 marks (3 hours), internal assessment (TMA) (20% of
theory marks)
Pass criteria: 33% marks in theory

Course content

Sociology: Basic
1. An Introduction to
2. Emergency and
Development of
3. Sociology: It
Relationship with
other Social Sciences
4. Methods and
Techniques of
Research in Sociology
5. Social, Community,
Association and
6. Social Groups
7. Social Structure and
Social System
8. Norms and values
9. Status and Role
10. Cooperation,
Competition and
11. Acculturation,
Assimilation &

Social Institutions and
Social Stratification
12. Marriage
13. Family
14. Kinship
15. Economy, Polity and
16. Social Stratification:
      Differentiation and

Social change
Socialization and Social
17. Factors of Social
18. Processes of Social
19. Socialization
20. Social control
21. Social Deviance
22. Society and

Indian Society
23. Indian Social Thinkers
24. Unity and Diversity
25. National Integration :
Concept and
26. Indian Society: Tribal,
Rural and Urban
27. Caste System in India
28. Major Religious
communities in India
29. Major Social
Problems of India
30. Problem of Scheduled
Castes and
Scheduled Tribes
31. Problems of other
Deprived Sections

Status of Women
32. Status of Women in
Indian Society: A
33. Gender Discrimination
34. Problems of women
35. Quest for Equality and

32. Culture: Concept and
33. Indian Cultural
34. Cultural Pluralism
35. Media and culture
This module has been designed to
acquaint the learner with concept of
culture and its characteristics. This
also enriches the knowledge about
different aspects of culture in general
and with particular reference to

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