NIOS SYLLABUS Subject Name:Psychology


NIOS
Subject Name:Psychology
Subject Code No. 328
Introduction
Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior. Psychology is a multifaceted discipline
and includes many sub-fields of study such as human development, sports, health, clinical, social
behavior and cognitive processes. Psychology is really a very new science, with most advances happening over the past 150 years or so. However, it’s origins can be traced back to ancient Greece, 400 – 500 years BC. The emphasis was a philosophical one, with great thinkers such as Socrates influencing Plato, who in turn influenced Aristotle.
Rationale
Psychology is a discipline which is relevant to all walks of life. Its applications to the various areas of
personal, organizational and social functioning are well recognized. All of us use various psychological concepts without knowing them. This course at the Senior Secondary level has been designed in such a way that the learners will know the basics of psychology in simple language. Attention has also been paid to the Indian context.The course at the Senior Secondary level is also introducing project work for the first time.Understanding psychological concepts and their application requires study of textual material as well
as practical work. Project work will help the learners to apply the key concepts of psychology as well
as help them to get hands – on – experience of the various methods used by psychologists. It also
contributes to the development of scientific approach different from common sense or speculation.
Attention has also been paid to give the practical applications of various psychological concepts with
the help of case studies, examples and real life experiences.

Objectives
After completing this course, the learner will be able to:
 explain the basic concepts used in psychology;
 enumerate skills for personal growth and development;
 select basic research methods in psychology;
 apply the principles of psychology in field work;
 recall and relate psychology to personal and social life; and
 lead a purposeful life by using the principles of psychology in personal,professional and socia llife.

Scope and job opportunity
This field has a large number of opportunities for employment, some of these are:
 Clinical psychologists: Clinical psychologists aim to reduce the distress and improve the
psychological wellbeing of their clients. They use psychological methods and research to make
positive changes to their clients’ lives and offer various forms of treatment.
 Counsellor: As a counselling psychologist one uses psychological theory and research in
therapeutic work to help clients with a variety of problems. These problems can include difficult
life issues and mental health conditions.
 Educational psychologists: Educational psychologists help children or young people who are
experiencing problems that hinder their successful learning and participation in school and other activities. These problems can include a range of emotional and social problems or learning
difficulties.
 Health psychologists: Health psychology examines how biological, social and psychological
factors influence health and illness. Health psychologists use psychological science to promote
health, prevent illness and improve health care system.
 Occupational psychologists: Occupational psychologists apply expert knowledge to all levels
of working and may work on organisational issues, such as culture and change, as well as
issues at an individual or team level.
 Primary care graduate mental health workers: Primary care graduate mental health workers
provide a range of treatments, support and advice to people suffering from common mental
health issues, such as anxiety and panic attacks.
 Sport and exercise psychologists: Sport and exercise psychologists are concerned with the
behaviours, mental processes and well-being of individuals, teams and organizations involved
in sport and exercise. They typically specialize in either sport or exercise, although some work
across both fields.

Eligibility conditions
Age: 15 Years
Qualification: 10th pass

Medium of instruction: Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati and Odia.
Duration of the course: 1 Year

Weightage
Theory:100 Marks
Tutor Marked Assignment (TMA): 20% Marks of theory

Scheme of studies: Theory (240 hours), Tutor Marked Assignment TMA (self paced)
Scheme of evaluation: Theory paper 100 marks (3 hours), internal assessment (TMA) (20% of
theory marks).
Pass criteria: 33% marks
Course content

1.Module-I
Foundations of
Psychology
1. Psychology:
Understanding Self
and Others
2. How Psychologists
Study?
3. Biological and Cultural
Shaping of Mind and
Behaviour
4. Becoming Aware of
the World Around Us
5. Attention and
Perception

2.Module-II
Key Psychological
Processes
6. Learning Process and
Acquiring Skills
7. Remembering and
Forgetting
8. Going Beyond the
Reality: Thinking and
Reasoning
9. Motivation
10. Emotions

3Module- III
Developmental
Processes
11. Development: Its
Nature
12. Domains of
Development
13. Adolescence
14. Adulthood and Aging
15. Understanding
Individual Differences:
The case of
Intelligence

4.Module- IV
Self and Personality
16. What is Self?
17. Self and
Psychological
Processes
18. Personality Theories
19. Personality
Assessment
20. Psychological
Disorder

5.Module- V
Social and Applied
Psychology
21. Group Processes
22. Person Perception
and Interpersonal
Attraction
23. Man Environment
Interaction
24. Psychotherapy
25. Health Psychology

6.Module- VI A*
World of Work
26. Education and work
27. Career Development
28. Vocational Choice and
Vocational Adjustment
29. Stress and Your
Health
30. Stress management
and Well-Being

7.Module- VI B*
Facilitating Early
Childhood Education
31. Developmental
Patterns in Early
Childhood
32. Play Centre:
Objectives
33. Play Centre:
Structural Details
34. Planning and
Conducting
Programmes
35. Involvement of
Parents and
Community in a Play
Centre

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