NIOS SYLLABUS Subject Name:Political Science

Subject Name:Political Science
Subject Code No. 317
Political Science is the study of man in the process of government himself/herself. Political Science
comprises theory of the state, concept of sovereign powers, form and functions of government,
making and execution of laws, election, political parties, rights and duties of citizens, functions of
forces, administration and study of welfare activities of state and government. In broader terms it
provides the study of the role of individual in relation to the entire society ranging from small unit of
family to the whole world.The curriculum of Political Science for Senior Secondary course developed by NIOS seeks to provide an understanding and knowledge of Constitution of India, various organisations, political and nonpolitical setups and their operations at the village, district, state, national and global level.
Study of human society is not as simple as is generally believed. Society is a complex network of
social relations. The individuals entering these relationships are in perpetual change. Therefore,
every society searches for an order and also mechanisms to cope with these changes. Emergence
of the state or political order is a party of this complex process. The concerns of political order and
the way it carries those functions and the problems that it faces are of universal concern. The concerns of political order have further increased with the new role viz. changing the large socio-economic order so as to improve the living conditions. Political Science deals with this vital domain of the society, keeping in mind the changed scenario.The subject of Political Science seeks to enable the students to gain critical awareness about the political institutions which govern their lives. These institutions are created to maintain peace, order
and co-operation, which would otherwise be threatened by conflicts over socio-ethnic identities or
religious beliefs, etc. This course seeks to impart knowledge about political institutions which operate
at the village, city, district, national and global levels. Thus, segments of the course deal with nationstate,Panchayati raj, district administration, central and state governments as well as United Nations and World Order. It also deals with problems, issues, concerns and political processes that arise in the working of the system. The Political Science syllabus deals not only with political institutions but also with the political ideas. Those ideas deal with the nature, needs, competence, pertaining to justice, liberty, equality, rights, and obligations etc. of the people. They also deal with the requirements,responsibilities and limits of political authority. Thus, the study of Political Science is concerned with the role and responsibilities of governmental agencies at various levels. Political Science focuses on the study of the state, nation, society, government etc.

In this course the primary focus is to strengthen the intellectual capabilities of the students not only to
appreciate the theoretical concerns but their application in the concrete context. For this purpose,
Indian Political system and its unfolding experience is incorporated in this syllabus. The subjectmatter
primarily deals with four important aspects:
i. the theoretical framework;
ii. the Indian constitutional framework with a focus on the institutions and organs of the government;
iii. the processes and practices flowing from the constitution in action; and
iv. our relationship with the world outside.

After completing this course, the learner will be able to:
 develop an interest in the theory and principles of Political Science;
 outline the institutions and organs through which the power is structured and exercised;
 gain an insight into various political processes and practices;
 construct the democratic values and philosophy of the Indian Constitution;
 illustrate national and global concerns so as to become responsible citizens and agents of
democratic governance; and
 explain attitudes and values necessary for healthy civic and political life.

Scope and job opportunity
After completing a course in Political Science, several opportunities are available in both government
and private sectors. Professional in politics, public administration, law, and marketing fields are always needed. One can opt for campaign management, polling and electoral politics. The career prospects in political science have widened in the voluntary organization sectors, such as NGOs. The international voluntary organizations, like UNO, have huge scope for proficient political science students across the world. Besides, they can go for higher studies in this field and after that they can join media houses as political journalists and political researchers/analysts. What’s more, they can become members of Parliament or State Legislative Assemblies, or serve various political parties as party president, party member, or activist.

Eligibility conditions
Age: 15 Years
Qualification: 10th pass

Medium of instruction: Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati and Odia
Duration of the course: 1 Year

Theory: 100 Marks
Tutor Marked Assignments (TMA): 20% marks of theory
Scheme of studies: Theory (240 hrs), TMA (self paced)

Scheme of evaluation: Theory paper 100 marks (3hours), internal assessment (TMA) - (20% otheory marks)
Pass criteria: 33% marks in theory

Course content
1. Module-I
Individual and the State
1. Meaning and Scope
of Political Science
2. Nation, State
3. Distinction between
Society, Nation, State
and Government
4. Major Political

Aspects of the
Constitution of India
5. Preamble and the
Salient Features of
the Constitution of
6. Fundamental Rights
7. Directive Principles of
State Policy and
Fundamental Duties
8. Indian Federal
9. Emergency Provisions

3. Module-III
Structure of Government
10. Union Executive
11. Parliament of India
12. Supreme Court of
13. The Executives in the
14. The State Legislature
15. High Courts and
Subordinate Courts
16. Local Government:
Urban and Rural

4. Module-IV
Democracy at Work
17. Universal Adult
Franchise and the
Methods of
18. Electoral System in
19. National Political
20. Regionalism and
Regional Parties
21. Public Opinion and
Pressure Groups

5. Module-V
Major Contemporary
22. Communalism, Caste
and Reservation
23. Environmental
24. Good Governance
25. Human Rights

6. Module-VI
India and the World
26. India’s Foreign Policy
27. India’s Relations with
USA, Russia
28. India and its
Neighbours- China,
Pakistan and Sri-

7. Module-VII A*
World order and the
United Nations
29. Contemporary World
30. The United Nation
31. United Nations Peace
32. United Nations and
Economic and Social

7. Module-VII B*
Administrative System
in India
29. Public Service
30. Administrative
Machinery at the
Centre, State and
District Levels
31. Political Executives
and Bureaucracy
32. Public Grievances
and Redressal
*Note: Learner has to choose one Module from VII A or VII B

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