NIOS SYLLABUS GEOGRAPHY

NIOS
SUBJECT NAME:Geography
SUBJECT Code No. 316
Introduction
Geography is study of the description earth’s surface. It is concerned with various aspects explaining the casual relationships of phenomena on the earth. These phenomena are changing with changing locations on the surface of the earth. The variation over the earth surface is known as spatia differentiation. Not only is that, even the changes seen at the same place over a period of time. It is known as temporal variation. Certain scientific reasons are the driving force for these phenomena.The whole of the earth may be studied with respect to certain component. The distribution of that component may be explained by general principles. These components may be varied like earth,water, air, climate, soil, vegetation, environment or life for global study.
Rationale
Geography is introduced as an independent subject at Senior Secondary level. Prior to this, a component of geography is a part of environmental studies till primary level and part of social sciencesat secondary level. Being the entry point for higher and professional education,  learners choose geography for various purposes. These purposes may broadly be divided as academic interest (i.e.higher studies, research, teaching etc.) and vocational interest (i.e. Cartographer, Regional Planners, GIS &Remote Sensing Specialist, Demographers, Environmentalist etc.) Therefore, there is a need for providing a broad understanding about the subject. Apart from this, geography is also very useful for day-to-day life. Its contributions lie in the contents, cognitive processes, skills and values that geography promotes and thus helps the learners explore, understand and evaluate the environmental and social dimensions of the world.Interface between people and their environment being the focal point of geography study, it tries to explore the complex relationship between the two at different levels – macro, meso, and micro.Being a distributional science, it tries to understand the variations and patterns of physical and human phenomena over the earth.Geography is also known as an integrated science. This is the only discipline which acts as a link between social sciences and physical sciences. The former includes contents from economics, history, political science, sociology, anthropology, commerce etc. whereas the latter includes geology, botany, geo-physics, oceanography, climatology etc.

Objectives
After completing this course, the learner will be able to:
a)explain the terms, key concepts and basic principles of geography;
b)explore the processes and patterns of the spatial arrangements of the natural as well as human
phenomena;
c) explain the complex relationship that exists between physical and human environment;
d) apply geographical knowledge and methods of enquiry to emerging issues and problems at
different levels – local, regional, national and global;
e)develop an understanding of diverse physical resource base, economic activities and regional
inequalities in India;
f)summarize the concept of unity in diversity in India and its demographic structure; and
g) recognize the spirit and purpose of geography as a discipline in the modern world.

Scope and job opportunity
This field has a large number of opportunities for employment, some of these are:
Armed services, environment management, water resources, disaster management, meteorology
and planning and various social sciences. Apart from that, a geographer can help in day to day life
like tourism, commuting, housing and health related activities.
Eligibility conditions Age: 15 Years

Qualification: 10th pass

Medium of instruction: Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati and Odia mediums.

Duration of the course: 1 Year


Weightage
Theory: 80 Marks
Practical: 20 Marks
Tutor Marked Assignments (TMA): 20% Marks of theory
Scheme of studies: Theory (248 hours), TMA (self paced)
Scheme of evaluation: Theory paper 80 marks (3 hours), practical 20 marks (3 hours), internal
assessment (TMA) - (20% of theory marks)
Pass criteria: 33% marks in each component

Course content

1.Module-I
The study of
Geography as a
discipline
1. Nature of
Geography as a
discipline

2.Module-II
Changing face of
the earth
2. Earth’s interior
and its Material
3. Dynamic surface
of the earth
4. Evolution of Land
forms due to
internal forces
5. The work of
running water
and underground
water
6. The work of
moving ice, wind
and sea waves
7. Major landforms
and their
economic
significance

3.Module-III
The domain of the
water on the earth
8. Ocean: sub
marine relief and
circulation of
ocean water

4.Module-IV
The domain of air
on the earth
9. Structure and
composition of
atmosphere
10. Insolation and
temperature
11. Atmospheric
pressure and
winds
12. Humidity and
precipitation
13. Weather and
climate

5.Module-V
The domain of life
on the earth
14. Biosphere
15. Biomes

6. Module-VI
Physical setting of
India
16. India–Physical
Features
17. Climate of India
18. Natural Disasters

7.Module-VII
Natural resources
and their
development in
India
19Our Resources
20. Land, Soil and
Vegetation
Resources in
India
21. Our Water
Resources

8.Module-VIII
Economic activities
and infrastructural
development in
India
22. Land Use and
Agriculture
23. Development of
Mineral and
Energy
Resources
24. Industrial
Development
25. Transport,

9.Module-IX
Human resource
and their
development in
India
26. Population
Density,
Distribution and
Growth in India
27. Population
Composition in
India
28. Human
Development
29. Human
Settlement

10.Module-X
Optional module
(a) Local Area
Planning
30. Local Area
Planning
31. Recommendations
through
case studies
32. Data collection,
Processing and
Analysis

 Module-X(B)
b) Geography of
Tourism in India
30. Tourism-Concept,
Resources and
Development
31. Development of
Infrastructure and
Growth of
Tourism
32. Prospects and
Problems of
Tourism

 11.Practical Geography
Map and its elements

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