IGNOU University Introduction


The Indira Gandhi National Open University was established by an Act of Parliament in 1985 to achieve the following objectives:
 democratising higher education by taking it to the doorsteps of the learners,
 providing access to high quality education to all those who seek it irrespective of age, region, religion and gender,
 offering need-based academic programmes by giving professional and vocational orientation to the courses,and
 promoting and developing distance education in India.

Prominent Features
IGNOU has certain unique features such as:

 national jurisdiction with international presence
 flexible admission rules
 individualised study: flexibility in terms of place, pace and duration of study
 use of latest information and communication technologies
 nationwide student support services network
 cost-effective programmes
 modular approach to programmes
 resource sharing, collaboration and networking with conventional universities, open universities and other institutions/organisations
 socially and academically relevant programmes based on students’ need analysis, and
 convergence of open and conventional education systems

Important Achievements
 Emergence of IGNOU as the largest Open University in the world.
 Recognition as Centre of Excellence in Distance Education by the Commonwealth of Learning (1993).
 Award of Excellence for Distance Education Material by Commonwealth of Learning (1999).
Launch of a series of 24 hour Educational Channels ‘Gyan Darshan’. IGNOU is the nodal agency for these channels and regular transmissions are done from the studios at Electronic Media Production Centre (EMPC), IGNOU.

Regular educational broadcast with facility for live interaction

 Student enrolment has reached 3 million.
 UNESCO has declared IGNOU as the largest institution of higher learning in the world in 2010.
 Largest network of learning support system.
 Declaration of Term-end result within 45 days.

The Schools of Studies
With a view to develop interdisciplinary programmes, the University operates through its Schools of Studies. Each School is headed by a Director who arranges to organise its academic programmes and courses in coordination with the School faculty and staff, and different academic, administrative and service divisions of the University.The emphasis is on providing a wide choice of courses at different levels.
The following Schools of Studies are in operation currently:
 School of Humanities (SOH)
 School of Social Sciences (SOSS)
 School of Sciences (SOS)
 School of Education (SOE)
 School of Continuing Education (SOCE)
 School of Engineering and Technology (SOET)
 School of Management Studies (SOMS)
 School of Health Sciences (SOHS)
 School of Computer and Information Sciences (SOCIS)
 School of Agriculture (SOA)
 School of Law (SOL)
 School of Journalism and New Media Studies (SOJNMS)
 School of Gender and Development Studies (SOGDS)
 School of Tourism and Hospitality Service Management (SOTHSM)
 School of Interdisciplinary and Trans-disciplinary Studies (SOITS)
 School of Social Work (SOSW)
 School of Vocational Education and Training (SOVET)
 School of Extension and Development Studies (SOEDS)
 School of Foreign Languages (SOFL)
 School of Translation Studies and Training (SOTST)
 School of Performing and Visual Arts (SOPVA)
Academic Programmes
The University offers Certificates, Diplomas, Advance Diplomas, Post Graduate Diplomas and Degrees, which are conventional as well as innovative. Most of these programmes have been developed after an initial survey of the need for such programmes. They are launched with a view to fulfilling the learners’ needs for:
 certification,
 improvement of skills,
 acquisition of professional qualifications,
 continuing education and professional development at workplace,
 self-enrichment,
 diversification and updating of knowledge, and
 empowerment.

Course Preparation: Learning material is specially prepared by teams of experts drawn from different universities and specialized institutions in the area spread throughout the country as well as in-house faculty. The material is scrutinized by the content experts, in -house faculty and edited by the language experts at IGNOU before these are finallysent for printing. Similarly, audio and video materials are produced in consultation with the course writers, in-house faculty and producers. The material is previewed and reviewed by the faculty as well as outside expertsand edited/modified, wherever necessary, before they are finally dispatched to the students, Study Centres and Telecast through Gyan Darshan
Credit System   
a)Define credit in ODL:The university follows the 'credit system' for most of its programmes.each credit in our System is equivalent to 30 hours of learner study comprising all learning activities (i.e. reading and comprehending)the print material, listening to audio, watching video, attending counselling sessions, teleconference and writing assignment responses). Thus, a 4-credit course involves 120 hours of study and a 6-credit course involves 180 hours of study. This helps the learner to know the academic effort he/she has to put in, to successfully complete a course. Completion of an academic programme (Degree or Diploma) requires successful completion of the assignments, practical, projects and the Term-End Examination as per requirement of each course in a programme.

b)Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) 

The Bachelor’s Degree Programmes offered through this prospectus follow the Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) introduced by UGC. The CBCS provides the learner with flexibility to study the subjects/courses at their own pace; greater choice of inter-disciplinary, intra-disciplinary and skill-based courses; and mobility to different institutions for studies. The system has the following advantages:
 Learner can undertake as many credits as they can cope with (without repeating all courses in a given semester if s/he fails in one/more courses).
 Allows learners to choose a combination of inter-disciplinary, intra-disciplinary courses, skill oriented courses (even from other disciplines according to their learning needs,interests and aptitude).
 Makes education broad-based and at par with global standards.
 Offers flexibility for learners to study at different times and at different institutions to complete the
programme. Credits earned at one institution can be transferred to another institution.

Support Services :In order to provide individualized support to its learners, the University has a large number of Study Centres, spread across the country. These Study Centres are coordinated by 67 Regional Centres and Recognised Regional Centres. At the Study Centres, the learners interact with the Academic Counselors and other learners, refer to books in the Library, watch/listen to video/audio programmes and interact with the Coordinator on administrative and academic matters. The list of Regional Centres is given in this Prospectus. Support services are also provided through Work Centres, Programme Study Centres, Skill Development Centres and Special Study Centres.

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